Philodendron are very tolerant plants, and they handle dryness very well. This means that if you forget to water them for a two or three weeks, they will be just fine! Water when the top two inches are dry, which you can figure out by using a moisture meter or poking your finger into the dirt up to your first knuckle. Make sure to empty the drainage tray as well, so it is not left sitting in water.
Light and humidity
Like we said above, Philodendron are very tolerant plants, so they can handle a little bit of abuse every now and then…For most varieties, medium or indirect light is preferable. If they are variegated and not getting enough light, they will gradually lose the variegation until proper light is restored (so if you have a Brasil, make sure it is getting brighter indirect light!).
Soil and fertilizer
Keep the Philodendron in clean, well-draining soil. Since they prefer to be slightly on the dry side, it is imperative that the soil drains well, otherwise it can lead to root rot. Make sure to empty the drainage tray as well, so it is not left sitting in water. Philodendron can be fertilized in the spring through the fall, but not during the winter, which is their dormant period.
Cleaning and pruning
Clean the leaves of your Philodendron by gently wiping it with water and a soft cloth. Pruning encourages new growth and you will want to trim it during the growing season to keep it tidy and encourage more growth. Simply use clean, sharp scissors to cut the stems to the appropriate length.
Much like pothos, philodendrons are extremely easy to propagate. They shoot out aerial roots, which you can use as a guide when cutting and placing pieces into water. Make sure to use clean, sharp scissors and change out the water every 3-4 days so it doesn’t get nasty. Once roots are suitably developed (usually a month or so), you can transfer them into dirt.
Philodendron don’t need to be repotted frequently, so look to increase their space only every 18 months or so. Try to repot during the spring or summer, during their growing season.
Philodendron are simple to grow indoors, whether or not you have a green thumb! And they look fantastic on top of bookshelves and kitchen cabinets, which is always an added bonus. They need medium-bright indirect light and occasional pruning to keep them growing strong. Philodendron is also toxic to pets, so keep them out of the reach of your furry friends!